"A Brief Doctrinal Statement" uses a trinitarian format, or God revealed as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, to emphasize from a biblical perspective what is important to Christian faith and life.

For a nice summary of Christian beliefs based on one of the earliest creedal formulations, see C. Donald Cole's The Apostles' Creed: All You Need to Believe (Moody Press, 1998).

A Brief Doctrinal Statement.pdf A Brief Doctrinal Statement.pdf
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The very brief "Fundamental Doctrine, The Cross of Christ" (Gospel Advocate, April 1981) highlights the death of Christ as an essential basic for Christian faith and life.


"Sanctification and Fellowship in the New Testament" (written originally in the mid-1980s and revised July 2014) applies the biblical concept of growing in holiness or sanctification to New Testament occurrences of koinonia or fellowship.  It is argued that sanctification is a key to true Christian fellowship.


"Written Revelation and Inspiration" is a brief outline of scriptures with notes that highlight the need for written revelation and the inspiration of the Bible.  I think much of it was influenced by classes I took at Freed-Hardeman College (Henderson, TN) during Fall Semester 1976--"Critical Introduction to the Old Testament" by Dr. Clyde M. Woods and "Critical Introduction to the New Testament" by Dowell Flatt.

Written Revelation & Inspiration.pdf Written Revelation & Inspiration.pdf
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"Person of Christ in the Bible" is adapted from the outline for Dr. Jack Cottrell's "Person of Christ" Course at Cincinnati Bible Seminary (Cincinnati, OH; Spring 1979), one of the best classes I took at the seminary.  It provides an outline of scriptures, with minimal comments, from both Old and New Testaments that highlight the divine and human nature of Jesus/Christ.  Included are:  the trinity in the Old Testament, the angel of the Lord, Old Testament references to Yahweh fulfilled in Jesus Christ, trinitarian passages in the New Testament, the deity of Christ in the prophets, New Testament titles of Jesus (Lord, Son of Man, Son of God), the divinity of Jesus in Paul's writings, and the divinity of Jesus in the book of Revelation.

For a recent and insightful study about the person of Christ from biblical, early church (patristic), and modern viewpoints, see Veli-Matti Karkkainen, Christology: A Global Introduction (Second Edition; Baker, 2016).

Person of Christ in the Bible.pdf Person of Christ in the Bible.pdf
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"God Is Your Creator, So What?" looks at Paul's sermon to philosophers at Athens (Acts 17:24-31) in light of biblical teachings about God as creator.  Published in the Firm Foundation (January 1979) and revised in February 2011.  

God Is Your Creator.pdf God Is Your Creator.pdf
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"The Goodness and Severity of God" develops and harmonizes these seemingly opposite attributes of God, based on Paul's writing to the Romans (chapter 11).  Published in the Firm Foundartion (April 1979) and revised in February 2011. 

The Goodness and Severity of God.pdf The Goodness and Severity of God.pdf
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First written in November 1982 and revised in March 2011, "Is Modalism A Viable Trinitarian Concept" examines three basic fallacies of the modalistic view of the trinity.

Is Modalism A Viable Trinitarian Concept.pdf Is Modalism A Viable Trinitarian Concept.pdf
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The paper on "The Meaning of Adultery in the New Testament" was discussed at a symposium of Church Of Christ preachers in Nashville, Tennessee during the Fall of 1982.  I have made a few revisions to the text, mostly grammatical, but in content by replacing the word "relationship" (that has little biblical meaning) with "union" (that seems, to me, to fit biblical concepts of marriage better).





"The Second Coming of Christ--Past or Future" examines the preterist view of Christ's second advent in light of the "ambiguity" in New Testament texts about the time of the Lord's return.  Published in the Gospel Advocate in August 1981, in La Vox Eterna in July-August 1982, and revised February 2011.

Second Coming of Christ--Past or Future.pdf Second Coming of Christ--Past or Future.pdf
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"An Analysis of the Theology of Modeling" appeared in Image Magazine as "Biblical Modeling" (August 1986) and develops a philosophy of church and ministry based on the sociological phenomena of identification, observation, and reduplication.  Revised February 2011.

An Analysis of the Theology of Modeling.pdf An Analysis of the Theology of Modeling.pdf
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"Church Growth Principles" and "Mobilizing the Church for Crisis Intervention" suggest ideas for outreach and growth.  Each includes an outline for lessons based on Paul's letter to Ephesians.

Church Growth Principles.pdf Church Growth Principles.pdf
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"Stewardship and the Meetinghouse" [Firm Foundation (January 1981); revised November 1982 & February 2011] explores both theological foundations and practical applications for efficient use of church facilities.

Stewardship and the Meetinghouse.pdf Stewardship and the Meetinghouse.pdf
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"Personal Reflections" (Fall 1985) was my attempt to argue for a Christian theistic worldview in a graduate course called "Perspectives On Religion" with Dr. Fred Clothey at the University of Pittsburgh.  I tried to outline and react to the broad field of religious studies or religionswissenschaft but probably not successfully.  I recall that in the course we tried for the first five weeks to define what we meant by "religion" but the seminar could come to no clear conclusion about that.  The short paper could also be considered as dealing with apologetics.

Personal Reflections on Religion.pdf Personal Reflections on Religion.pdf
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"Pain and Suffering: An Outline for Group Study" (Advent 2013) uses popular and more critical works to explore from a biblical perspective problems and plausible solutions to the classic and persistent challenge to theism - pain and suffering.