Mato Paha or "Bear Mountain" in the Black Hills of Western South Dakota is a sacred site to the Lakota and other Native Americans who believe the Creator Spirit communicates with creatures here through prayers and visions.


Welcome to my web site.  Here you will find a variety of materials that reflect the diversity of places I have been and subjects I have studied.  Unless otherwise noted, all materials, papers, photos, and writings are protected under applicable copyright laws from re-publication in any electronic, digital, or printed format and protected from commercial use of any kind.  Fair use for personal and/or educational purposes is permitted.

See Title 17 of U.S. Code at

This is an educational, non-commercial site.  If you see pop-up advertisements, close your web browser and use another type to avoid any annoying advertisements like these.  Certain operating systems, web browsers, or search engines may superimpose pop-up advertisements at many of the links to other web pages.  These are NOT my advertisements, nor have I given anyone permission to link these to this web site.

There are unfortunately a number of web sites that republish PDFs from other sites indiscriminately and without authorization. If you find any of my articles on these sites, especially if they charge a fee for use of their sites, please let me know so I can contact them about their inappropriate copying of material. These sites usually pose as PDF "download" sites, but they are little more than pirate sites.


Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Site in Coffee County, Tennessee showcases Woodland Indian history in a peaceful natural setting.